• Catalog Number:KC10034
  • Product Name:3X FLAG Peptide
  • Size:2mg
  • Availability:Purity > 95% by HPLC

    3X FLAG Peptide-Physiochemical properties

          Sequence(One-Letter Code): MDYKDHDGDYKDHDIDYKDDDDK

          Sequence(Three-Letter Code): Met - Asp - Tyr - Lys - Asp - His - Asp - Gly - Asp - Tyr - Lys - Asp - His - Asp - Ile - Asp - Tyr - Lys - Asp - Asp - Asp - Asp - Lys

          Number of residues: 23aa

          Composition: Molecular weight: 2861.91 g/mol

          Extinction coefficient: 3840 M-1cm-1

          Iso-electric point: pH 3.94

          Net charge at pH 7: -6.8

          Estimated solubility: Good water solubility.

    How to use 3X FLAG Peptide

          Format: Each vial contains 1 mg of lyophilized solid packaged under an inert gas and supplied as a trifluoroacetate salt.

          Storage: Store at -20°C. 3X FLAG Peptide is hygroscopic and must be protected from light. 3X FLAG Peptide is guaranteed one year from the date of shipment. 

          Solubility: Distilled water for a solution up to 2 mg/ml, otherwise we recommend using acetonitrile.

          Precautions: 3X FLAG Peptide is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.


    3X FLAG Peptide Background

          Alternate Names: 3X FLAG

          Description: 3-Flag peptide has found widespread use as a mild purification reagent for Flag-epitope tagged recombinant proteins. Although its affinity columns release monovalent flagged proteins in the absence of calcium, the antibody retains substantial affinity for the Flag sequence even in metal-free conditions, so that it has been impossible to use it to develop a metal-sensitive ELISA assay. This is due to the ability of the antibody to remain bound to polyvalent surface-coated antigen, for instance, when Flagged proteins are bound to ELISA plates or blotting filters. The resultant antigen polyvalence raises the avidity of the Flag antibody to a point where the reaction is essentially calcium-independent. However, when the antibody itself was made monovalent, by proteolytic cleavage to the Fab, this situation was reversed and the ELISA reaction became calcium-dependent. This new metal-dependent ELISA assay was used to explore the metal requirements of the antibody in detail. Among divalent metals, binding tapered off with increasing radius above that of calcium, or with decreasing radius below that of calcium. Several smaller metals, such as nickel, acted as inhibitors of the binding reaction. Substantial binding was demonstrated for heavy metals such as cadmium, lanthanum and samarium. Because it is of interest to use this antibody for the co-crystallization of recombinant Flag-fusion proteins, the ability to bind heavy metals was a significant finding.

    The FLAG-tag system utilizes a short, hydrophilic 8- amino-acid peptide that is fused to the protein of interest1. The FLAG peptide binds to the antibody M1. Whether binding is calcium-dependent manner2 or –independent3 remains controversial. A disadvantage of the system is that the monoclonalantibody purification matrix is not as stable as others. In general, small tags can be detected with specific monoclonal antibodies.
    To improve the detection of the FLAG tag the 3x FLAG system has been developed. This threetandem FLAG epitope is hydrophilic, 22-amino-acids long and can detect up to 10 fmol of expressed fusion protein. The FLAG-tagged maltodextrin-binding protein of Pyrococcus furiosus has been crystallized4 and the quality of the crystals was very similar to that of crystals of untagged protein.
     Finally, the FLAG-tag can be removed by treatment with enterokinase, which is specific for the five C-terminal amino acids of the peptide sequence5.
    References:1. Hopp TP, Prickett KS, Price VL, Libby RT, March CJ, Ceretti DP, Urdal DL, Conlon PJ (1988) A short polypeptide marker sequence useful for recombinant protein identification and purification. Bio/Technology 6:1204–1210.2. Hopp TP, Gallis B, Prikett KS (1996) Metal-binding properties of a calcium dependent monoclonal antibody. Mol Immunol 33:601–608.3. Einhauer A, Jungbauer A (2000) Kinetics and thermodynamical properties of the monoclonal antibody M1 directed against the FLAG peptide. 20th International symposium on the separation of proteins, peptides, and polynucleotides (ISPPP). Lublijana, Slovenia, November 5–8, 2000.4. Bucher MH, Evdokimov AG, Waugh DS (2002) Differential effects of short affinity tags on the crystallization of Pyrococcus furiosus maltodextrin-binding protein. Biol Cryst 58:392–397.5. Maroux S, Baratti J, Desnuelle P (1971) Purification and specificity of procine enterokinase. J Biol Chem 246:5031–5039.


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